Difference between Active vs. passive voice.
If the subject does the action is an active voice. And most of the sentences are in active voice. Subject means anything, about which we talk in the sentence. It can be a doer or receiver. So in passive voice, the subject receives the action. It means the subject of the passive voice does not perfect the action. It receives the action. Active voice consists of the subject (doer of the action) + helping + main verb + object. And the passive voice, subject (receiver) + be + participle verb + agent. In this article, we study the Difference between Active vs. passive voice.
|S#||Active Voice||Passive Voice|
|1||He plays football.||Football is played (by him)|
|2||She drives the car.||The car is driven (by her)|
|3||They cleaned the board.||The board was cleaned by them.|
|4||You disturbed them.||They were disturbed by you.|
|5||I blew the balloon.||The balloon was blown by me.|
|6||John writes a letter.||A letter is written by John.|
Reasons to change an active voice into a passive voice.
- When the Doer is not known.
- When the receiver is more important than the doer.
- When we want to hide the agent of the action.
When the teacher came into the class the glasses were broken. In this sentence, the doer is not known. We do not know who has done the action. But we do know only the action. Or if we give more importance to the action like the king was kidnaped. Now we are not concerned about the kidnapper, the king is more important to us. So we use passive voice. Or sometime in the class our best friend will break the window’s glasses. So all the students know about him/her but want to show it to the teacher they hide him/her. Then we use passive voice.
An active voice generally consists of subject + Helping verb (auxiliary verb+) + main verb + object/complement. In active voice, the subject performs the action or we talk about it in the sentence. There won’t be any limited formation. For example:
- She plays football.
- She flees.
- They went.
- We drive the car.
- You can swim.
- The driver is dangerous.
- John and khan are intelligent.
- All the players are kind.
- We could fight with them on the ground.
- On the ground, we met him.
A passive voice is slightly different from an active voice. We cannot change all the sentences into passive voice. The sentence which contains complements is not changeable. I like to leave it on the ground.
In the above sentence, we don’t have a direct object but instead, there is a complement phrase “In the ground.”
We can not change these sentences into passive Voice.
Intransitive verbs are not changeable into passive voice. What’s an intransitive verb: all those verbs which do not need an object. Like she went. They cried. He flew.
Transitive and intransitive verbs
Transitive verbs: All those verbs which are needy of the object. It means without objects they do not give complete sense.
- He plays football.
- She wrote a letter.
- They are watching a movie.
- You can win the game.
- I am listening to music.
All those verbs do not need an object. Without objects, they can give complete sense.
- He went.
- She cried.
- It flies.
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