what is an academic paragraph | what is paragraph writting
English Grammars English Structures

What is paragraph writing? | Academic paragraph writing?

what is paragraph writing?

Writing is a great skill. If a person has fast and perfect writing skills can earn a better amount of money. Indeed. She/he can have a wonderful position in society. You must be knowing that a good reader can be a good writer. The English language has gotten 4 pillars (writing, reading, listening, and speaking) which are really necessary. So in this article, we are going to learn about academic paragraph writing. 

What is paragraph writing?

Definition:  A paragraph can be a collection of sentences. So, the combination of related sentences that will talk about one specific title is called a paragraph.

Note: In the above definition I have mentioned the related sentences which means all the sentences which come in a paragraph should have connections with each other. They are needed to support each other.

How to write an academic paragraph?

Writing an academic paragraph is very easy and simple all we need to do is to follow the following rules which I have explained below.

Parts of the paragraph:

A paragraph has three important parts:

Topic sentence Controlling idea Supporting ideas
A sentence that defines the whole
paragraph.
Any idea which gives us the limit or boundaryAll the examples which support the controlling idea are called supporting ideas.

1: Topic sentence

Definition: The first sentence of a Paragraph that begins the paragraph is called the topic sentence. A topic sentence introduces the whole paragraph. When a reader reads the first sentence will understand the whole paragraph. So writing the topic sentence is really tricky.

Example of a paragraph.  (what is paragraph writing?)

The major problem a working mother faces concerns her children. She must either find a reliable person who will be loving toward the children or a good day-care center where the children can go. If child gets sick, the mother must make special arrangements for the child to be cared for at home, or she must stay home from work. While at work, the mother may worry about her children. She may wonder if they are save, if they are learning the values she wants them to have, and if her absence is hurting them emotionally. She may also regret not being able to take them to after school activities or participate in family activities with them.

“The major problems a working mother faces concern her children.”

It is the topic sentence of the given paragraph. In this sentence, the writer has defined three different things. Like

  • The major problems.
  • A working mother.
  • Concern her children.

A topic sentence is consist of two main things: 

1. Topic Issue   2. Controlling Idea


Example:  The major problems a working mother faces concern her children.
1. Topic issue= A working mother.      

Topic issue means something about which we discuss. So a working mother is a vast topic that cannot be defined in one paragraph. We need to make our topic sentence clear by mentioning the controlling ideas.


2.  Controlling Idea= Problems related to her children. “concern her children”

What is a controlling idea?

 An idea that gives a limit and boundary to the writer is called a controlling idea. This paragraph, it talks about the problem of working mothers. So a working mother has many problems. The writer has made it more clear by defining the controlling idea. It means one problem. Which is related to her children’s concerns her children.  

Example: The major problems concern her children.

3: Supporting ideas:  rest of the sentences in the paragraph.

All the examples which define the controlling idea are called supporting ideas. In the above example which is in underline are supporting ideas.  Supporting ideas form the body of the paragraph. Which should be related to each other.  All the supporting ideas should define the controlling idea. We should not write irrelevant sentences.

More Related Grammars:

Simple present tense, Present indefinite tense, and the figure of speech.

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