The Participle Adjectives | Present & Past Participles

The Participles (participle adjectives)

The participles (participle adjectives) are made up of verbs. Ending with “ing” and “ed”.

We call them verbal also which means it is created from verbs.

Like ‘I jump on the wall daily.’ (Jump) is the main verb that shows action. In contrast. The jumping bird is moving over my head.  So, in this sentence (jumping) is an adjective that modifies the bird. Though the word jumping is an action (ing form of the verb) over here it is working as an adjective. Check out the examples to make it clearer.

Participle Adjectives
  1. The man is boring.
  2. The interesting program has finished now.
  3. The flying kite is far from us.
  4. The man was bored.
  5. Suddenly, the bored man got angry.
  6. Few demanding students have joined the class.

As adjective modifies the nouns and pronouns same-voice participle is modifiers of nouns and pronouns. Indeed, there are two kinds of participle: the present participle and the past participle adjectives.

1) Present participle adjectives: end in -ing.

  • The car is disturbing.
  • The disturbing car is broken down.
  • The movie is interesting.
  • The working man is hiding from me.
  • The freezing machine is running properly.

2) Generally the past participle ends in -ed. But some of the other verbs are also used as past participles.

  • which are in different forms. For instance:
  • The eaten rice should have been tasty.
  • The saved money is stolen.
  • He knows about the dealt project.
  • The seen papers are canceled.
  • The gone water is fast.
  • The man is bored.
  • The frightened students should sit in the front seats.

What is a participle phrase?

A phrase is a group of words that give one meaning. So a participle phrase is a group of words that begin with a participle adjective and follow modifiers that modify nouns.  

  • I know the man washing the dress. (participles + noun)
  • Driving the car, he talked to me. (participles + noun)
  • Eaten lunch, we went to the park. (participles + noun)
  • Speaking to the man, he cut the grass. (participles + preposition phrase)
  • Running on the wall, the cat slept. (participles + preposition phrase)

Note: a comma is a must after the participle phrase when it appears at the beginning of the sentence. In contrast. If the participle phrase comes after the nouns no need to use a comma. Check out the examples.

  • Meeting the doctor, he started explaining.
  • He started to explain the disease meeting the doctor.

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