future perfect tense examples & formula
English Structures Tense

Future Perfect Tense || Definitions, examples & formula

Future Perfect Tense

Tense which means time in this article we study about future perfect tense. Future does not mean present or past. It refers to a period after now means coming time.

Let’s put glance over the table.  In order to make it clear we need to put a glance over the meaning of the tense.

FuturePerfectTense
Future means upcoming time. Which starts now.Perfect means Completed. Any action which is completed.Time, age, or period
future perfect tense examples

Future perfect tense definition

The Future perfect tense indicates an action that will occur before a specific time in the future and it is imagined to be completed in the future at a specific time. More clearly, it expresses a sense of completion that will occur in the future.

E.g.

Future actionFuture completed actions
Tonight at 8 am we will cut the cake.Kamran will have gone at 8 am tonight.
The timing is 8 Am which is still on the way.8 AM at night.
This activity will happen at 8 am which is still on the way. It means yet we have reached this time (8 am) but when we reach we will do it then.This action is already done at that specific time (8 am)
So: for better understanding, imagine now it is 8 AM everything is ready. The cake is on the table. The guest is present. The host will call everyone to come near and cut the cake. Suddenly he asks for Kamran: where is Kamran? Someone says Karman has gone already. (For such timing we use future perfect tense: Kamran will have gone. It means this action is done before 8 am.

Don’t miss Simple future tense: Present past perfect tense

Main, the important thing which we use in future perfect tense is

 The auxiliary verb ‘will have ‘is used.

Formula

The formation of the future perfect tense (structure of the Future Perfect tense) “subject + will+ have + 1st verb + object.”

1) Positive Formula:

SubjectAuxiliary (helping verbThe main verb ( dynamic verb)Object/compliment
I, we, he, she, it, You, they & single nameWill + haveGo, write, cut, drive, read, watch & many moreTo country name, Home, park,
IWill haveGoneTo the USA.

a) Positive Sentences.

S#Sentence with regular verbs.sentence with irregular verbs.
1She will have baked the cake when I come home.He will have found his home.
2I will have retired by the end of this year.She will have gone to the city.
3They will have opened the campus while we reach.They’ll have paid the free.
4You will have painted the wall.You’ll have gotten the result.
5The teacher will have checked the paper.The teacher will have taught.

2) Negative formula/structure.

SubjectAuxiliary (helping verbNot The main verb ( dynamic verb)Object/compliment
I, we, he, she, it, You, they & single nameWill + haveNotGo, write, cut, drive, read, watch & many moreTo country name, Home, park,
IWill havenotGoneTo the USA.

b) Negative sentences:

Serial
no:
Sentences with regular verbsSentences with irregular verbs
1She will not have baked the cake when I come home.He will not have found a home.
2I will not have retired by the end of this year.She will not have gone to the city.
3They will not have opened the campus when we reach.They’ll not have paid the free.
4You will not have painted the wall.You’ll not have gotten the result.
5The teacher will not have checked the paper.The teacher will not have taught.

3) The interrogative Formula of the future perfect tense.

Helping verbSubjectAuxiliary verbsmain verbsObject punctuation marks
Auxiliary
verb
SubjectAuxiliary (helping verbMain verb
( dynamic verb)
Object/complimentQuestion
mark
WillI, we, he, she, it, You, they & single namehaveGo, write, cut, drive, read, watch & many moreTo country name, Home, park,?
WillIhaveGoneTo the USA.?

c) Interrogative sentences.

S# Sentence with a regular verb.Sentence with an irregular verb.
1Will she have baked the cake when I come home?Will he have found the home?
2Will I have retired by the end of this year?Will she have gone to the city?
3Will they have opened the campus when we reach?Will they have paid the free?
4Will you have painted the wall?Will you have gotten the result?
5Will the teacher have checked the paper?Will the teacher have taught?

Usages of the future perfect tense

This tense is used for an action that is imagined to be completed before another action in the future. Sometimes students get mixed up by future perfect and simple future tense. Which has a big difference if we concentrate deeply.

Sometimes we might use these two tenses conversely:  for instance:

  • Kamran will finish the work when we reach there.
  • Kamran will have finished the work when we reach there.

These two sentences sound the same meaning. Because both actions will be done before we reach there.  Even though structurally they are different.

Indeed, we must use future perfect tense for any action which is thought to be completed.

So, if the action is not imagined to be completed, or it is supposed to happen at any time we should not use the future perfect tense instead simple future should be used.

Some examples of regular verbs in the future perfect tense.

S#Regular verbsFuture perfect tense
1plugWill have plugged
2washWill have washed it.
3danceWill have danced
4NeedWill have needed
5JoinWill have joined
6KickWill have kicked
7PlayWill have played
8WatchWill have watched
9PayWill have Paid
10SignWill have signed.

Some examples of irregular verbs in the future perfect tense.

S#Irregular verbs Future Perfect tense
1FightI will have + fought
2FindI will have + found
3GetI will have + gotten
4MakeI will have = made
5WriteWill have written
6Bringbrought
7GoWill have gone
8SeeWill have seen
9TakeWill have taken
10KnowWill have known

Short forms/ Contraction with Future Perfect tense

Sometimes students get confused by using the contracted form. Let’s practice them here.

S#Full-Formshort form / contracted form
1He will have done the work.He’ll have done the work.
2She will have found the paper.She’ll have found the paper.
3I will have written the letter.I’ll have written the letter.
4They will have driven the car.They’ll have driven the car.
5You will have managed the meeting. You’ll have managed the meeting
6It will have broken the flower.It’ll have broken the flower.
7We will have sung the song.We’ll have sung the song.

Future Perfect tense Exercises

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of future perfect.

  1. He ______________________ with others. (play)
  2. She will not_____________ to court. (go)
  3. They will have ____________the team. (help)
  4. We will _________by the time you reach home. (leave)
  5. Tommy will have ______________the kitchen. (clean)
  6. John will have ___________before we reach there. (smoke)
  7. The teacher will _______________ the lesson. (completed)
  8. Will he ________________ the room? (clean)
  9. Will she have _______________the car? (drive)
  10. We will ______________ the film. (watch)
  11. They will not ________________ the program. (manage)
  12. Kamran will ______________( swipe) the card.
  13. Before the meal, he will ___________ the dishes. (washed)
  14. We will have _____________all the paperwork. ( check)
  15. The doctor will ______________ the patient. (operated)

The answers to the following are fill-in-the-blanks.

  1. He will have played with others.
  2. She will not have gone to court.
  3. They will have helped the team.
  4. We will have left by the time you reach home.
  5. Tommy will have cleaned the kitchen.
  6. John will have smoked before we reach there.
  7. The teacher will have completed the lesson.
  8. Will he have cleaned the room?
  9. Will she have driven the car?
  10. We will have watched the film.
  11. They will not have managed the program.
  12. Kamran will have swiped the card.
  13. Before the meal, he will have washed the dishes.
  14. We will have checked all the paperwork.
  15. The doctor will not have operated on the patient.

True and false

  1. As opened the room the cat will have eaten.
  2. The cat will not eaten the cake before us.
  3. They will have been to discuss the issues.
  4. She will be a doctor next year.
  5. He will have driven the car to drinking shop
  6. the boss will haven’t fought with us.
  7. John and Jerry will have swiped.
  8. we will learn how to speak about our relationship.
  9. the government will have provided the solution.
  10. They will not have mentioned the following tools.
  11. When I called you the detectives will have to detect them.
  12. I will have grew more with examples.
  13. Someone will not broken the glasses.
  14. Yoy will have operated before 8 O clock.
  15. You will not taken sewed the cloth before the function.

The answers of true and false exercise.

  1. As opened the room the cat will have eaten. True
  2. The cat will not eaten the cake before us.false
  3. They will have been to discuss the issues. True
  4. She will be a doctor next year. false
  5. He will have driven the car to drinking shop. True
  6. The boss will haven’t fought with us. True
  7. John and Jerry will have swiped. True
  8. we will learn how to speak about our relationship. false
  9. The government will have provided the solution. True
  10. They will not have mentioned the following tools. True
  11. When I called you the detectives will have to detect them. True
  12. I will have grew more with examples. false
  13. Someone will not broken the glasses. True
  14. Yoy will have operated before 8 O clock. True
  15. You will not taken sewed the cloth before function. false

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