Simple Present Tense (definition, Formula & Exercises)

Simple present tense

Simple Present tense definition:

Definition: It is used for daily activity, habitual action, general truth, and universal truth. (Learn the usages)

For example, a student says,

  1. “I go to school”. It is a daily activity of a student to go to school.
  2.  “I work in a factory”. It tells about the usual actions(daily activity) of a person who works in a factory regularly.
  3. I feel tired. It looks beautiful. He enjoys the party. (general truth)
  4. The sun rises from the east and sets in the west. (Universal truth.)

Simple Present Tense Formula.

The formula of the simple present is very simple and easy.

(Subject + 1st verb + s, es, ies, + object.)

When using singular nouns and pronouns such as “he,” “she,” “it” or a single noun the verb’s base form requires adding either “s,” “es,” or “ies” to the end of the word.

For example:

  1. He plays football.
  2. She walks on the road.
  3. It cries in the cage.
  4. Kamran walks over there.

Conversely, when the subject is plural, using “they,” “we,” or “you,” we do not add any endings such as “s,” “es,” or “ies” to the base form of the verb.

(Subject + 1st verb + object + time words)

For example:

  1. We play football.
  2. They watch the movie at night.
  3. you sing a song.

Note: The simple tense formula can be a bit difficult but no worries follow this formula.

simple present tense (formula)

1) Simple Present Tense Positive Formula:

Generally, In this tense, we use the root form of regular and irregular verbs but with third-person pronouns (he, she, it, or single name) taking –s, -es, and -ies. verbs.

First-person “I”First-person “we”Second person “you”Third person “he, she, it or single name”Third-person “they”
I play.We play.You play.He plays. She plays, it plays, John playsThey play.
I walk on the road.We wash the clothes.You drive the car.We wash the clothes.They paint the wall.

Some fewer amount verbs that end with o, ch, sh, th, ss, gh, or z are added  “-es” at the end with third person singular pronouns.  

Subject + 1st verb (s, es, ies) + object.

Examples:

  1.   I read my book.
  2.   He gets up early in the morning.
  3.  She writes a letter.
  4.  Sun rises in the east.
  5. He plays football.
  6. They wash their clothes.
  7. I study hard
  8. he goes to school
  9. she plays with dolls.
  10.  Ankara drinks water early in the morning.

Related tenses: Simple Past Tense./ Future simple tense./ Present Perftect tense.

 2) Present simple tense interrogative formula:

Do/Does + Subject + 1st verb + Object.

Examples:

  1. Do I read my book?
  2. Does he get up early in the morning?
  3. Do I study hard?
  4. Does the sun rise in the east?
  5. Does he play football?
  6. Do they wash the clothes?
  7. Does she write a letter?
  8. Do we go to school?
  9. Does she play with dolls?
  10. Does Ankara drink water early in the morning?

3) Negative Formula: (simple tense negative formula)

Subject + do not/does not + 1st verb + object.

Examples:

  1. I do not read a book.
  2. He does not get up early.
  3. She does not write a letter.
  4. Sun does not rise in the east.
  5. He does not play football.
  6. They do not wash their clothes.
  7. I do not study hard.
  8. He does not go to school.
  9. She does not play with dolls.
  10.  Ankara does not drink water early in the morning.

4) Negative and interrogative Formula.

Do not/does not + subject + 1st verb + object.

  1. Doesn’t I read a book?
  2. Does he not get up early?
  3. Doesn’t she write a letter?
  4. Does not the Sunrise in the east?
  5. Doesn’t he play football?
  6. Don’t they wash the clothes?
  7. Don’t I study hard?
  8. Doesn’t he go to school?
  9. Doesn’t she play with dolls?
  10. Doesn’t Ankara drink water early in the morning?

Simple present tense examples:

Simple present-tense examples have a deep connection to learning.

Fill in the blanks correctly. Take care of the singular and plural forms.

1) He_________the mountain.  (Climb, climbed, climbs)

2) They ________  on the road every day. (played, play, playing)

3) she  ________ to god every day. (prays, prayed, praying)

4) My friend _________ to God every day. (prays, prayed, praying)

5) He __________ his teacher on weekends. (meets, met. meeting)

6) You ________ to the school daily. (go, goes, went)

7) Jong ___________ the room on time.   (cleaned, cleaning, cleans)

8) Kids _________ milk. (love, loved, loving)

9) They _______________ the teacher to take a class.   (paid,  pays, pay)

10) Khan __________ news every day. (listens, listened, listening)

11) He __________ flowers annually.    (grow, grew, grows)

12) she  ________ to the office every day. (goes, went, gone)

Check out the answers which are colored in green.

1) He_________the mountain.  (Climb, climbed, climbs)

2) They ________  on the road every day. (played, play, playing)

3) she  ________ to god every day. (prays, prayed, praying)

4) My friend _________ to God every day. (prays, prayed, praying)

5) He __________ his teacher on weekends. (meets, met. meeting)

6) You ________ to the school daily. (go, goes, went)

7) Jong ___________ the room on time.   (cleaned, cleaning, cleans)

8) Kids _________ milk. (love, loved, loving)

9) They _______________ the teacher to take a class.   (paid,  pays, pay)

10) Khan __________ news every day. (listens, listened, listening)

11) He __________ flowers annually.    (grow, grew, grows)

12) she  ________ to the office every day. (goes, went, gone)

Put ‘T’ for a true sentence and ‘F’ for a false sentence. Check out the simple present tense.

  • They go to work every day.  ( True, False)
  • They like to see her dance.     ( True, False)
  • He desire his father to cook.   ( True, False)
  • John cried to find the man.    ( True, False)
  • Children wishes to swim.   ( True, False)
  • Her parents go to work.   ( True, False)
  • Kamran visit me every day.   ( True, False)
  • Sun rises from the east.    ( True, False)
  • The teachers plays a broad role in the class.   ( True, False)
  • His mother washe the clothes daily.   ( True, False)
  •  The coachs arranges the players on time.   ( True, False)
  • Animals like to eat.   ( True, False)

The answers are given below in green color, check out and rectify your worksheet.

  • They go to work every day.  ( True, False)
  • They like to see her dance.     ( True, False)
  • He desires his father to cook.   ( True, False)
  • John cried to find the man.    ( True, False)
  • Children wish to swim.   ( True, False)
  • Her parents go to work.   ( True, False)
  • Kamran visits me every day.   ( True, False)
  • Sun rises from the east.    ( True, False)
  • The teachers plays a broad role in the class.   ( True, False)
  • His mother washes the clothes daily.   ( True, False)
  •  The coachs arranges the players on time.   ( True, False)
  • Animals likes to eat.   ( True, False)

MCQ Exercises. Choose the correct option for the given three options.

1) They _______ to visit the park every evening.

  • likes
  • like
  • liked

2) Kamran ________ have any book to read. Does not

  • does not
  • do not
  • do

3) She ________ like to spoil the rule.

  • do not
  • does
  • do

4) He ______ to run on the roof.

  • love
  • loves
  • loved

5) I ______ have to go to school.

  • Does
  • Does not
  • Do

6) ________ she know about the summer?

  • Do
  • Does
  • Done

7) ________ his friends know about his health?

  • Do
  • Does
  • Do not

8) Donny and shumaila ______ play together.

  • don’t
  • doesn’t
  • do

9) My teacher ________ like to be interrupted.

  • do not
  • doesn’t
  • does

10) ______ they to come on time?

  • do
  • does
  • do not

11) He and his friends ______ to run on the roof.

  • love
  • loves
  • loved

12) We ______ have to go to the party.

  • Does
  • Does not
  • Do

13) ________ she know about the match?

  • Do
  • Does
  • Done

14) She ______ to run on the roof.

  • want
  • wants
  • wanted

15) I ______ have to go to the meeting.

  • Does not
  • Do
  • Do not

16) All of them _________ every afternoon.

  • swim
  • swims
  • swimming

17) The man __________ money to them.

  • provide
  • provides
  • provided

18) My students’ _________ to relax on my lawn.

  • liked
  • like
  • likes

19) They _________ the nearby ground every Tuesday.

  • visited
  • visit
  • visits

20) My uncle ________ his work.

  • loves
  • love
  • loved
  1. like 2) does not 3) does not. 4) loves 5) do 6) does 7) do 8) do not 9 does not 10) do 11)love 12) do 13 ) does 14) wants 15) do not 16)  swim 17) provides 18) like 19) visit 20) loves

The answers are listed here

Worksheet Simple Present Tense.

simple present tense (worksheet)

Practice these Exercises carefully and write the answers in the comment sections. If you have any questions or suggestions commend me or email me.

  1. Ali ______ historical books. ( reads, read)
  2. She always ________ TV in the evening. ( watch, watches)
  3. He never ________ early. (comes, come)
  4. Ahmad ________like playing football. (do not, does not)
  5. They __________ the students. ( teach, teaches)
  6. I _________ to play football in the morning. (want, wants)
  7. You __________ like to learn English. (do not, does not)
  8. _________you walk at the morning? (do, does)
  9. He never___________ football in the morning. ( plays, played, play)
  10. Does he _________ the movie at night?  ( watches, watch, watching)
  11. She always ________ TV in the evening. (Watch, watches)
  12. I do not ____________ the apple for him. (brings, bringing, bring)
  13. He never ________ early. (Comes, come)
  14. What does he ___________ in the morning? (does do, doing)
  15. Ahmad ________like playing football. (Do not, does not)
  16. She _______________the classes very well. (manage, manages, managing)
  17. They __________ the students. (Teach, teaches, teaching)
  18. We do not ___________the man. (finds, find, finding)
  19. I _________ to play football in the morning. (Want, wants)
  20. She __________the music. (like, likes, liking)
  21. You __________ like to learn English. (Do not, does not)
  22. Do they like to learn English? (does do, don’t)
  23. _________you walk at the morning? (Do, does)
  24. Why do not you ____________the man in the ground? (bring, brings, bringing)
  25. Does she __________ the note on the whiteboard? (reads, read,)
  26. When _________ he watches the movie? (do, does,)
  27. Kamran and John __________want to open the door. (does not, do not)
  28. Does she ___________ the letter? (write, writes, wrote)
  29. When do they _____________ the papers? ( bring, brought, brings)
  30. I never ___________ English in public. (spoke, speak, speaks)

Available on the Pinterest website too.

What is the present tense?

The Simple Present tense is a verbal tense utilized to convey present actions, including events occurring at the present moment. Moreover, it is used to describe habitual activities, which are actions that individuals undertake regularly as a result of their habits. Additionally, it is employed to describe everyday activities or routine work.

This tense is also utilized to express universal facts, which are immutable and cannot be changed by human beings. Finally, the Simple Present tense is used to describe possession and state, which refer to general truths that pertain to things or activities.