What are parts of speech? | Parts of Speech & kinds

What are parts of speech?

Parts of speech that give a smooth and creative meaning to the English Language. In this article, we will study parts of speech and their kinds with definitions. A language is something that defines a nation. So a nation must speak. Then how do we speak? We have to make sentences and speeches.

In conclusion, we come across the question which is “How to make speech and sentences?” So, over here we study the things through which we form sentences. Which are called parts of speech.

Parts of speech are defined in many ways which are correct and meaningful. Over here I have selected a very simple and clear definition.

parts of speech

Definition: The basic logical element of a language through which we form a proper sentence is called parts of speech.            


Noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.

These are the basic elements/components with the help that we form correct sentences. Generally, there are eight parts of speech in the English Language. Which shows how the words function / or give meaning as well as grammatically within the sentence.

The picture defines the parts of speech.

Parts of speech in detail.


A noun is a word that shows the name of a person, place, thing, or idea.

Examples:  John, London, table, dog, teacher, pen, city, happiness, hope


  • Steve lives in Landon.
  • Mary uses pen and paper to write letters.
  • Kashmir is a nice place to visit.


A pronoun word is used in place of a noun or noun phrase to avoid repetition.


      I, you, we, they, he, she, it, me, us, them, him, her, this, those

  • John is a student.
  • He wants to study.
  • I want him to work with me.


An adjective describes, modifies, or gives more information about a noun or pronoun.

Examples: kind, fine, big, happy, angry, green, young, fun, crazy, three


  • He is a very kind person.
  • The little girl had a pink hat.
  • I am happy.

4. VERB:

A verb is a word that shows an action or state of being. A verb shows what someone or something is doing.

Examples:  walk, do, go, speak, run, eat, play, live, talk, have, like, are, is


  • I walked across the river.
  • He went to school.
  • She talked in English.


An adverb describes/modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. It tells how, where, when, how often, or to what extent. Many adverbs end in -LY

Examples: quickly, slowly, quietly, very, always, never, too, well, tomorrow, here


  • I always study books in the morning.
  • He went to the crowd slowly.
  • Yesterday, I ate my lunch quickly.


A preposition shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word. It indicates time, place, relationship, or position.

Examples: between, about, under at, on, in, from, with, near,


  • He is about to come.
  • She is sitting under the tree.
  • I left my keys on the table for you.


Conjunctions join two words, ideas, phrases, or clauses together in a sentence and indicate how they are connected.

Examples: and, or, but, because, so, yet, unless, since, if.


  • He went to school but could not study well.
  • I was hot and exhausted
  • He washed the cars clean but wasted my time.


An interjection is a word or phrase that expresses a strong feeling or emotion. It is a short exclamation.

Examples:  Oh! Hey! Hi! Ouch! Wow! Great! Help!


  • Wow! I won the game.
  • Ouch! I broke the glass.
  •  Oh! I could not pass my English test.